Indian Evidence Act,1872- Admissions- Meaning, definition & Evidentiary value
Indian Evidence Act,1872- Admissions
ADMISSIONS- (Definition & Meaning)-
Section 17 of the Indian Evidence Act defines Admissions, according to which an admission means a statement (oral or documentary or contained in electronic from) which suggests any inference as to any fact in issue or relevant fact, and which is made by any of the person and under the circumstances mentioned under sections 18 to 23 of the Indian Evidence Act.
It is important for an admission to be clear, precise and not vague or ambiguous. An admission is the best evidence that an opposite party can rely upon, though not conclusive, it is nevertheless critical on the point unless proved false or is validly allowed to be withdrawn.
EVIDENTIARY VALUE OF ADMISSION-
Section 21 of the Indian Evidence Act as a general rule, lays down that, admissions are relevant, and may be proved against the person who makes them or his representative in interest, and if duly proved, though not conclusive, are sufficient evidence of the facts submitted.
An admission is not conclusive unless it amounts to estoppal. The person against whom an admission is proved is at a liberty to show that it was mistaken or untrue.
When an admission is duly proved, and the person against whom it is proved does not satisfy the Court that it was mistaken or untrue, the Court may decide in accordance with such admission. A false admission does not bind that person making such admission.